Spinal deformities include congenital and acquired scoliosis, age-related kyphosis, and Scheuermann’s disease.
Scoliosis is a condition in which the spine curves abnormally from side to side, commonly in the shape of an S or C. The spine may also be rotated or twisted, and the condition can vary greatly in severity. Congenital scoliosis is usually detected during childhood, and most commonly affects girls between the ages of 10 and 16. Acquired scoliosis—or degenerative scoliosis—can occur with trauma or through the wear-and-tear of aging.
Age-related kyphosis —also known a “dowager’s hump”—is an exaggerated anterior curvature of the thoracic spine. Weakness in the spinal bones causes them to compress or crack, resulting in a forward rounding of the back.
Scheuermann’s disease—juvenile kyphosis— is a condition in which one or more of the bones of the spine develop wedge-shaped deformities that cause curvature of the spine, most commonly in the chest region. The curvature may become permanent if it is not corrected in a timely manner. Scheuermann’s disease occurs most often in boys between ages 12 and 16.